Diabetes is a condition affecting the metabolism of glucose or sugar in the body, leading to an excess of sugar in blood stream. It provides a pathway for chronic diseases like nerve, kidney disorders and heart conditions. Type 2 diabetes, also called non-insulin dependent diabetes, is caused due to resistance of the body towards insulin. It contributes to about 90% of diabetic cases reported worldwide.
Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas which helps in the utilisation of sugar or glucose by the body. Since the body is resistant to insulin, the sugar remains unabsorbed. Metabolic surgery for type 2 diabetes helps in managing the condition to a great extent. Type 2 diabetes are known to promote obesity to a large extent. This can also be treated with the help of metabolic surgery.
Is metabolic surgery a cure for diabetes?
Metabolic surgery helps in bringing diabetes under control and putting it under remission. Diabetes remission is characterised by a normal blood sugar level, without intake of medicines or insulin to control it. This enables to control the glucose levels in the body and to avoid complications due to high sugar levels.
Metabolic surgery for diabetes helps in providing the body a chance to repair itself and hence has an important role to play in treating diabetes. Studies show a high success rate for metabolic surgery among diabetics.
Types of metabolic surgery
The various metabolic surgeries done to treat type 2 diabetes are as follows: –
How does metabolic surgery treat type 2 diabetes?
Metabolic surgery involves procedures where a part of stomach is bypassed to limit the intake of food or a part of the gut and intestine are shunted to limit absorption of food. These procedures greatly help in weight loss as well as limiting the sugar in blood stream.
Procedures like Ileal interposition leads to stimulation of substances like glucagon like peptide 1, which induce the production of insulin. Actions of hunger hormones like peptide Y are inhibited as well.
Dr. Tulip’s Obesity and Diabetes Surgery Centre offers weight loss and metabolic surgeries for the treatment of obesity and diabetes.
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